Key Achievements in 2022
Côte d’Ivoire Cocoa and Forests Initiative 2022 Annual Report
Since its independence, Côte d’Ivoire’s economic development has been based primarily on agriculture, particularly cocoa farming. Cocoa, of which Côte d’Ivoire is the world’s leading producer, is the main driver of the country’s economic growth. It contributes around 15% of GDP and over 40% of export earnings.
This economic growth has been at the expense of the country’s forest heritage. As a result, the country’s primary forest has gradually been transformed into a mosaic of secondary forests, cash crop plantations, food crops and fallow land. Forest cover fell from 16 million hectares in 1960 to 7.9 million hectares in 1990, 3.4 million hectares in 2015 and 2.97 million hectares in 2020. A loss of forest cover of over 75%, more than half of which in the last 30 years.
Cocoa farming is considered one of the major causes of forest degradation in Côte d’Ivoire. In order to reverse the trend of deforestation caused by cocoa farming, the Governments of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana and +30 cocoa and chocolate companies signed the Cocoa and Forests Initiative Joint Framework for Action, in November 2017, on the sidelines of COP 23, in Bonn, Germany.
The Cocoa and Forest Initiative aims to halt deforestation and promote forest protection and restoration within the cocoa supply chain. The JFA defines core commitments, major actions, verifiable measures and targets, with a timetable for implementation, for a deforestation-free supply chain that promotes forest protection.
In 2018, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire and its cocoa industry partners translated the JFA commitments into an implementation plan covering a three-year period (2018-2020), known as the pilot phase. At the end of this pilot phase, satisfactory results were recorded, including the
- Reform of the legislative and regulatory framework for the forestry sector with the adoption of the new Forestry Code on July 23rd, 2019 ;
- Strengthening supply chain mapping ;
- Promoting agroforestry ;
- The launch of a project to set up a unified national cocoa traceability system;
- The adoption of a satellite-based forest monitoring system as part of the CFI.
These results were achieved, on the one hand, through collaboration and consultation between the public institutions concerned and, on the other, between public and private sector players. However, a number of challenges have been identified and still need to be addressed, including: increasing investment from the private sector and technical and financial partners in forest protection and restoration; the implementation of a unified national cocoa traceability system; the operationalization of the national forest monitoring system and the effective mobilization of financial resources to fund the initiative’s activities. The signatories of the CFI JFA have jointly decided to implement a second phase of this initiative through the adoption of an action plan covering the period 2022-2025.
This report covers the results from the transition year 2022. You will find the pdf version hereCôte d'Ivoire Cocoa & Forests Initiative 2022 Annual ReportDownload file or the French version here.
Interested in the CFI Ghana report? Find it here.
Selection of classified forests, parks and reserves as priority landscapes for collective investment.
During the first phase of the CFI (2018-2020), five priority regions were selected to conduct activities, based on criteria related to forest preservation, cocoa production and population density. These are: Guémon, Cavally, Nawa, San Pedro and La Mé. Projects have been carried out in these regions by the various partners, with differing approaches leading to more or less effective results.
The evaluation carried out at the end of the first phase having identified the need for collective concerted action (by stakeholders from the public and private sectors, civil society and technical and financial partners) to generate maximum impact, six (06) classified forests, parks and reserves were selected to focus CFI’s action during the second phase, namely :
- Parc National du Mont Péko (34,000 ha)
- Nature reserve of Bossématié (21,550 ha)
- Nature reserve of Mabi-Yaya (61,282 ha)
- Classified forest of Tamin (24,934 ha)
- Classified forest of Yapo Abbé (24,592 ha)
- Classified forest of Cavally (64,200 ha)
The selection of these landscapes, validated by the CFI Steering Committee at its December 2022 meeting, was based on criteria such as :
- Geographical position in relation to the main cocoa-producing areas: the selected landscapes are located in the regions that contribute most to cocoa production in Côte d’Ivoire.
- Level of conservation: priority has been given to forests classified as category 1 & 2 (i.e. with a conservation level of over 50%) and to parks and reserves, to encourage the protection of the country’s main primary forest relics.
- Deforestation risk: the landscapes selected are the most exposed in terms of deforestation risk.
- Connection to current programs/activities.
The second phase will be dedicated to mobilizing collective investments within these priority areas, using the landscape approach.
Validation of the 2022-2025 action plan and launch of CFI phase II
After a relatively successful pilot phase between 2018 and 2020, the year 2022 served to ta
ke stock of CFI and identify a new guideline to guide partner action for the next three years. The 2022-2025 action plan was developed through an inclusive and collaborative approach. It is centered around CFI’s three key pillars of i) Forest protection and restoration, ii) Agroforestry and sustainable production and iii) Social inclusion and community engagement. Under each axis, the plan includes objectives and activities.
Strengthening CFI governance
Recognizing the importance of strengthened governance for the successful implementation of the second phase of the CFI (2022-2025), the partners agreed on certain changes to make the CFI more inclusive and effective, including:
- A draft amendment to the decree creating the CFI Steering Committee, with a better division of prerogatives between the initiative’s management bodies, was approved.
- The CFI Project Coordination Unit within MINEF is now operational.
- The Permanent Secretariat was strengthened by the addition of new members, representing organizations that are important stakeholders in the implementation of the CFI, such as: the Conseil du Café-Cacao, the Ivorian Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development (MINEDD) and the World Cocoa Foundation.