In West Kalimantan, IDH is committed to protecting and restoring the remaining forests and peat lands. IDH aims to protect 120.000 hectares of high-conservation value forest, rehabilitate 10.000 hectares and ensure sustainable production on 43.000 hectares. To do so, we address landscape connectivity, greenhouse gas emissions and intensifying sustainable commodity production while managing the entire landscape through a holistic approach. The program works closely together with key private sector companies, government (national, provincial) and civil society organizations.
West Kalimantan is a province located on the island of Borneo, Indonesia. The province has a number of significant waterway such as the Kapuas river and a port city known as Pontianak. The map below shows the forest cover and peatland areas in the province.
The table below shows the size of forest areas in the landscape, what they are designated for, and how much of the area is actually covered in forest vegetation.
Forest areas and cover in Ketapang, Kubu Raya, and Kayong Utara Districts in West Kalimantan.
Source: SK Menhut No. 733/Kpts-II/2014 and forest cover 2014
As shown in the table above, over half of the entire area is zoned for permanent production. Only 500,000 ha of the production forest designated for conversion remains due to the rapid expansion of estate crops.
Apart from the large-scale mining operations that are prominent in the province, the primary production in agriculture is palm oil and forestry commodities.
Many large oil palm and forestry companies are highly active in the province. Apart from large companies, there is also a significant amount of smallholders involved in the production of non-timber forest products. Many local communities are mostly dependent upon small scale agriculture for commodities like honey and rubber.
West Kalimantan contains important protected areas and national parks which are home to endangered species like the Proboscis Monkey.
These areas are under pressure from conversion of forest lands on peat soils to estate crops, community encroachment, illegal logging and the proliferation of fires.
Deforestation in West Kalimantan is critical, as a key issue in the province is the limited connectivity between remaining forest blocks, threatening endangered species. Conversion of peatlands is also crucial as half of the peat land has already been designated for permanent production, and this is likely to increase due to significant expansion of estate crops within the province. This has led to significant levels of greenhouse gasses being emitted from the province.
If left unaddressed, the current challenges will be exacerbated and will ultimately pose severe risks to endangered species, to the livelihoods of those who live in the landscape, to global greenhouse gas emissions, and to the supply of key commodities which undermines long-term security for business and consumer satisfaction.
In response to these challenges, the Governor of West Kalimantan decided to develop and implement a low carbon green growth development model. The Governor has also repeatedly signaled his intention to ensure environmentally and socially sustainable growth, and has taken action to do so.
The governor aims to achieve Green Growth by:
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