In West Kalimantan, IDH is committed to protecting and restoring the remaining forests and peat lands. IDH aims to protect 120.000 hectares of high-conservation value forest, rehabilitate 10.000 hectares and ensure sustainable production on 43.000 hectares. To do so, we address landscape connectivity, greenhouse gas emissions and intensifying sustainable commodity production while managing the entire landscape through a holistic approach. The program works closely together with key private sector companies, government (national, provincial) and civil society organizations.

Landscape Overview

West Kalimantan is a province located on the island of Borneo, Indonesia.  The province has a number of significant waterway such as the Kapuas river and a port city known as Pontianak. The map below shows the forest cover and peatland areas in the province.

The focus districts in the landscape (not very visible) are Ketapang, Kubu Raya and Kayong Utara which encompass an area of 4.2 million ha and contain approximately 1.6 million ha of natural forest and diverse ecosystems ranging from peat lands, to coastal mangroves.

The table below shows the size of forest areas in the landscape, what they are designated for, and how much of the area is actually covered in forest vegetation.


Forest areas and cover in Ketapang, Kubu Raya, and Kayong Utara Districts in West Kalimantan.

Source: SK Menhut No. 733/Kpts-II/2014 and forest cover 2014

As shown in the table above, over half of the entire area is zoned for permanent production. Only 500,000 ha of the production forest designated for conversion remains due to the rapid expansion of estate crops.

Apart from the large-scale mining operations that are prominent in the province, the primary production in agriculture is palm oil and forestry commodities.

Many large oil palm and forestry companies are highly active in the province. Apart from large companies, there is also a significant amount of smallholders involved in the production of non-timber forest products. Many local communities are mostly dependent upon small scale agriculture for commodities like honey and rubber. 


West Kalimantan contains important protected areas and national parks which are home to endangered species like the Proboscis Monkey.

These areas are under pressure from conversion of forest lands on peat soils to estate crops, community encroachment, illegal logging and the proliferation of fires.

Deforestation in West Kalimantan is critical, as a key issue in the province is the limited connectivity between remaining forest blocks, threatening endangered species. Conversion of peatlands is also crucial as half of the peat land has already been designated for permanent production, and this is likely to increase due to significant expansion of estate crops within the province. This has led to significant levels of greenhouse gasses being emitted from the province.

If left unaddressed, the current challenges will be exacerbated and will ultimately pose severe risks to endangered species, to the livelihoods of those who live in the landscape, to global greenhouse gas emissions, and to the supply of key commodities which undermines long-term security for business and consumer satisfaction. 

Progress and IDH Expertise

In response to these challenges, the Governor of West Kalimantan decided to develop and implement a low carbon green growth development model. The Governor has also repeatedly signaled his intention to ensure environmentally and socially sustainable growth, and has taken action to do so.

The governor aims to achieve Green Growth by:

  • Strengthening the Forest Management Unit
  • Building partnerships with private parties to ensure sustainable supply of commodities
  • Ensuring low emissions 
IDH Interventions
  1. Green Growth Partnerships: In 2016, IDH signed an MoU with the Governor to support the development and implementation of a provincial green growth plan. Due to overlapping land claims (a prominent issue in West Kalimantan) which cause land conflict and investment insecurity, the green growth plan needs to be closely linked to development of a OneMap initiative supported by another organization/donor.
  1. PPI: Production-Protection-Inclusion concepts will be developed depending on the type of landscape and primary issues in the area and thus coming different varieties.
  • Conservation, restoration and/or rehabilitation of HCV/HCS areas within concessions. This entails companies taking the lead role in setting aside or restoring HCV/HCS areas. This type of PPI requires support in the developing management plans of the set-aside areas, business plans and models to ensure that productive areas generate as much returns as possible. 
  • Conservation, restoration and/or rehabilitation of HCV/HCS areas outside concessions. This may include ensuring that plantation companies form a protective ring around a key conservation area. This would also entail developing a management and/or sustainable use plan for the area as well as a benefit sharing mechanism.
  • Public-private water management schemes for key peat domes and related watersheds. Uncoordinated construction of drainage canals by companies and the government have led to floods and droughts. Best management and conservation options need to be identified as well as research into the commercial viability of such production-protection agreements. 







Fitrian Ardiansyah

Country Director IDH Indonesia

phone+6221 (0) 29529853

e-mailemail me

Daan Wensing

Program Director, ISLA

phone+31 (0) 302305677

e-mailemail me

Manizha Korodiva

Communication Officer, ISLA

phone+31 (0) 302307179

e-mailemail me

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