With its vast and abundant fertile soils and forest and marine resources, Indonesia is a major key producer of a wide variety of agri- and aquaculture, mining, and forestry products. The agricultural sector is an important source of income and employment. Indonesia has a population of approximately 260 million, of which 120 million live in rural areas, and 50 million of them are economically active in agriculture.

Indonesia sectors

IDH Indonesia runs 8 different sector programs and 3 landscape program. The Pulp & Paper, Palm Oil and Tropical Timber programs were recently integrated into the landscape program. Other programs will continue their sector-level efforts but are also playing an active role in different focus landscapes.

The most important highlights and key achievements per program were:

  • Palm Oil: a solid pipeline of projects was built, covering about 20,000 farmers on 40,000 ha. The first projects started implementation. Strategic partnerships with private companies and governments were built for the development of sustainable supply sheds in Aceh and South Sumatra.
  • Pulp & Paper: a project for protecting and conserving 41,480 ha of peatland and mangrove forest started implementation; baseline studies and management plans for new forest management projects were completed; and agreements were made with APP and APRIL to work on landscape and fire management, integration of the HCS approach and clean manufacturing.
  • Tropical Timber: 185,330 hectares of tropical forest concessions were certified by the end of 2015 and a significant pipeline was built for certification in 2016
  • Coffee: The Sustainable Coffee Platform Indonesia (SCOPI) was established and developed a national curriculum for training farmers on sustainable agricultural practices. In 5 field level projects, more than 29,000 farmers were trained.
  • Cocoa: 5,906 cocoa farmers received training and 9,035 obtained certification; the Cocoa Sustainability Partnership (CSP) expanded its membership and activities; a taskforce on Agri-Finance was established.
  • Spices: Three pilot projects supported farmers to achieve certification, and improve productivity and quality of their products. More than 4,000 farmers were trained, and almost 10,000 ha of spices fields were under sustainable management practices.
  • Aquaculture: at the end of 2015, the program reached up to 11,500 farmers and workers, accounting for the responsible production of 46,000 MT shrimp ; supports for Aceh Aquaculture Initiative has led to the transformation of the cooperative in which it is now receives direct support, partly, from a commercial financial institution.
  • Updates on the three Indonesian landscapes: Aceh, West-Kalimantan and South Sumatra, you will find on the respective landscape pages.


  • 18 May 2020

    Honey farms in West Kalimantan enjoy increased demand during COVID-19

    The demand for honey produced by Padang Tikar village forest in Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan (Indonesia) has increased by 500% during the COVID-19 pandemic. Residents of populous West Java and East Java have increased their consumption of honey, vitamin C and D3 as they believe this will boost their immune system. The honey is produced by Indonesian villagers who took up honey farming in 2018 as part of a community-based forest management initiative.

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    News article
  • 20 Apr 2020

    Indonesian start-up adapts app to support shrimp farmers through COVID-19 crisis

    Shrimp farmers are a hardy bunch. In recent years, the industry has been hit by a number of viral diseases, such as the White Spot Disease and Early Mortality Syndrome. The Asian shrimp industry alone reported to have lost at least USD $20 billion in the last decade. This series of shocks has led the industry to bounce back better: with farmers increasingly cutting out use of antibiotics, reducing environmental impact of shrimp production and finding technological solutions to boost their resilience. Last year, Indonesian start-up JALA together with IDH launched a data-driven system to monitor and prevent shrimp diseases. But can these experiences bolster the industry’s immunity to the global impacts of the Coronavirus pandemic?

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    News article
  • 21 Mar 2020

    Four ways to save tropical forests and safeguard our future

    Governments and companies have set targets to halt deforestation, but commitments and targets only begin to have impact when followed up by the right actions. Accelerated ambition could contribute to tackling deforestation and climate change and improve people’s food security and quality of life. By making every link on the value chain accountable, we can prioritize sustainable sourcing, conserve tropical forests and protect ourselves. 

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    News article
  • 3 Mar 2020

    Business and government leaders meet as Papua and West Papua is at brink of major green investment

    Sorong, West Papua – Local and national governments representatives of Indonesia and dozens of private sector executives attended a High Level Meeting on Green Investment for Papua and West Papua on 27 February 2020. The meeting focused on the potential for green investment to bring revenue of up to USD 200 million and create livelihoods for 60,000 families across both provinces, while following the principles of inclusive and sustainable development.

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    News article


  • Sustainable Spices Initiative

    The Sustainable Spices Initiative pushes for interventions that create more farm level impact and cater to specific issues and geographies.

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    Sustainable Spices Initiative
  • Traceability Working Group

    Achieving Traceability in Palm Oil. The Tracebility Working Group consists of a committed group of palm oil producers, traders and users who are working together to define traceability and the roadmap to get there

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    Traceability Working Group

The team in Indonesia

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MD Place Tower 2, 3rd Floor Unit C
Jl. Setiabudi Selatan No. 7
Jakarta 12910, Indonesia

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