Watch here a recap of our latest Sustainable Palm Oil Dialogue: Addressing the Challenges of 2020 and Beyond
Palm oil companies have many interests in delinking their palm oil products from deforestation, including a reputational one. Through our palm oil market program, we aim to mainstream the uptake of sustainable palm oil. Larger uptake will create benefits of scale, reducing sourcing costs. And increased demand will create economic incentives for palm oil producers to delink deforestation from their production and implementing good agricultural practices.
In our market program we are:
- Convening public-private partnerships at European and national levels, through the European Sustainable Palm Oil (ESPO) with MVO and EPOA, to enable shared commitment on targets on sustainable sourcing, to strengthen policy frameworks and create an enabling environment which supports the mainstream uptake of sustainably produced palm oil.
- Publishing periodic/yearly market data reports on the uptake of sustainably produced palm oil to monitor the delivery on targets by governments (with a focus on Amsterdam Declarations Partnership signatories), companies and sectors for Europe and individual countries.
- Developing strong supply chain connections between the stakeholders on the market end and producing countries via the creation of SourceUp, where sustainable palm oil is produced at increasing levels.
- Advocating a standards neutral approach in the Indian market with the aim of increasing the uptake of responsibly sourced palm oil.
- Working in India in close coordination with Rainforest Alliance’s AFI, WWF and RSPO on projects to address deforestation-risk in palm oil import volumes to India midstream and downstream supply chain actors.
- Convening policy, market and sustainability action through the Steering Committee at I-SPOC, to enable shared commitment on sustainable sourcing, to engage on import policy frameworks and create an enabling environment which supports the mainstream uptake of sustainably produced palm oil.
Market in Europe
The market in Europe, as the second largest global importer of palm oil has an important role to play by ensuring 100 per cent of the palm oil in the products manufactured, and used is (delete “certified”) sustainable.
To this end, IDH and the European Palm Oil Alliance (EPOA) established the European Sustainable Palm Oil project (ESPO) in 2015. Unifying supply chain actors across Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom and working with governments and trade bodies to develop specific action plans. Together, we aim to transform the market and achieve 100% sustainable palm oil sourcing in Europe by 2020.
The latest data report published by EPOA and IDH shows that, in 2019, some 86% of European palm oil imports used for feed, food and oleochemicals was sustainable. The total European import of palm oil increased but the volume of sustainable palm oil dropped.
Commitment to Support
With the support of the national initiatives and through ESPO, we instigated in December 2015 a ‘Commitment to Support 100% Sustainable Palm Oil in Europe by 2020’. Eleven organizations signed and supported this commitment. In response, the governments of five key European Union countries declared their support towards the project by signing the Amsterdam Palm Oil Declaration during the EU and Global Value Chains’ high-level conference on 7th December 2015. This was the first time that Europe spoke with one voice with regards to sustainable palm oil. In June 2016, Norway declared governmental support to the Commitment to Support 100% Sustainable Palm Oil in Europe.
Palm oil national initiatives
In addition to increase the uptake of responsible palm oil, IDH supports the palm oil national initiatives through the ESPO project. In the latest market monitoring report, it is shown that 74% of palm oil imported for food into Europe was RSPO certified sustainable palm oil, a 5%-point increase from the previous year. However, it has become clear that the remaining 26% will be the most difficult. The feed and oleochemical sectors are lagging behind and also countries like Italy and Poland need to step up. Significant additional efforts are needed to reach the 100% sustainable palm oil by 2020. Therefore, IDH is deepening our strategic engagement with countries, national initiatives and sectors other than food.
An example of a National Initiative is the Dutch Alliance for Sustainable Palm Oil, of which IDH has been a founding partner. In May 2016, they announced the results of the sustainable use of palm oil in the Dutch food & feed industry. The members, eight food and feed industry associations, all achieved the ambition they set in 2011: ‘100% sustainable palm oil for the Dutch market by the end of 2015’. Since, the Dutch Alliance also reports on the traceability to oil mill level and the share of palm oil that is covered by company commitments on ‘No deforestation, No development on peatland and No Exploitation policies.
Market in India
In India, palm oil consumption has drastically increased by almost 230% over the last two decades. The country is the largest net importer of palm oil and consumes almost 10% of the global production – making it one of the largest markets for the commodity. Annual consumption at around 7.3 MMT significantly exceeds domestic production which stands at <0.7 MMT. Indonesia and Malaysia are primary sources of these imports, where palm plantations contribute to massive deforestation and peatland destruction.
Palm oil lies at the core of India’s edible oil market owing to its low prices and the country’s need for food security. However, understanding of palm and its various derivatives and the daily interaction with the commodity through various segment (cosmetics, confectionery, pharmaceuticals and others) remains limited in the Indian consumer context. Furthermore the deforestation risk associated with palm its ecological footprint is not realized given negligible media attention and the absence of on-product labeling.
Palm oil can be produced in a responsible manner that does not damage the environment and is beneficial to communities. As the largest importer, India is well positioned to drive the demand for sustainable palm oil and bring it from niche to norm.
Through our palm program in India, IDH works on three key verticals of convening, confidential disclosure and linking buyers to VSA. We do this through YoY monitoring of imported palm oil and bringing together market, civil society and policy stakeholders together to build up responsible sourcing in India.
Our palm oil market program in India supports the production of traceable and sustainable palm oil at scale, with the aim to mainstream the uptake of sustainable palm oil. Larger uptake will create benefits of scale, reducing sourcing costs. And increased demand will create economic incentives for palm oil producers to delink deforestation from their production and implementing good agricultural practices.
In South Sumatra, IDH worked with partners, including local government, CSOs and PT PP London Sumatra Indonesia Tbk, subsidiary of Indofood Agri, to train and assist 1,510 smallholders to obtain RSPO group certification, covering 5,383 hectares. The farmers can now sell their fresh fruit bunches to the mill for a better price, as well as receive the RSPO premium. Farmers were trained on Good Agricultural Practices, HSC/HCV management, health and safety, as well as mapping and data baseline.
Climate smart palm oil
IDH is working together with Solidaridad and the Dutch Government to respond to the latest developments in the palm oil sustainability domain and to expand our program to be able to reach mainstream markets fully. Focus is to contribute to (climate) policy objectives and market access through testing and scaling sustainable and climate-smart oil palm cultivation by smallholders in four countries: Indonesia and Malaysia, as the two major global producers and exporters, and Ghana and Nigeria, as two major oil palm producing and consuming countries in Africa, and we will link to markets in Europe, China and India. Through this approach, we aim to strengthen our existing programs on sustainable palm oil and landscapes.
Spain is the second largest palm oil importer in Europe and plays an important role in further distributing palm oil into the European market. However, in the country, the palm oil debates in the public related to deforestation and health impacts are especially fierce. There exists wrongful information and advertising, which poses considerable challenges to promote sustainable palm oil.
Due to the negative public image of palm oil, Spanish retailers such as Alcampo and Eroski announced their intention to ban the use of palm oil as an ingredient in their products. Companies like Ferrero and Nestlé have to invest significantly to lobby and defend the use of sustainable palm oil.
With the support from our European Sustainable Palm Oil project (ESPO), the Spanish Foundation for Sustainable Palm Oil was established in 2017 to help the industry balancing one-sided palm oil debate on health and sustainability issues. By actively engaging with companies and other supply chain stakeholders in food and feed industries, the membership of the Foundation is growing. The foundation aims to achieve 100% sustainable palm oil by 2020. It conducted research to debunk palm oil myths and carried out many outreach activities through social media, conferences and engagement with targeted audiences.
In 2016, the market uptake of sustainable palm oil was around 26%. With the work done by the foundation, the sales of sustainable palm oil in Spain in 2018 increased substantially, reaching 44% in 2018.
The proactive role that the Foundation takes can potentially be replicated in other countries with similar situations, such as Italy and -Portugal, so to increase overall European sustainable palm oil market uptake.
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