Our landscape program in Central Highlands addresses two key issues: extreme climate events, particularly recurring droughts; and agrochemical overuse. Through these leverage points we have a positive impact on sustainable agricultural production, rural livelihoods, and economic development.
In the recent years, frequent droughts have begun to hinder the production of key crops such as coffee. Vietnam is the world’s second biggest exporter of coffee and about 95 percent of it is produced in the Central Highlands. International coffee companies as well as the Vietnamese economy are thus affected by the change. Uncontrolled use of agrochemicals leads to toxic loading of the environment, human health risks, and reduced access to export markets due to high level of biocide residuals in agricultural products.
To address the impact of droughts, we work with public and private stakeholders to identify, test and scale up measures for farmers to adapt to climate change. These include diversifying agricultural systems, reforestation, agroforestry, and measures for more efficient water use. On agrochemical use, we collaborate with public and private stakeholders, to identify the most important risk factors at user, trade, and governance levels and jointly pilot and scale up solutions.
Our activities are two-pronged: we work at governance level (convening) and we carry out field-level activities, all addressing the key issues and all in partnership with public and private sectors. We focus on Lam Dong and Dak Lak provinces.
The Central Highlands region is the agricultural power house of Vietnam. Almost all of Vietnam’s coffee (95%) is produced in this region. Other important crops from the region include pepper, tea, flowers, rubber, and cashew, fruits and vegetables. The region is also the source of over 20 percent of Vietnam’s hydropower energy.
This is all thanks to favorable natural conditions: abundant water resources fertile lands, and forests regulating the climatic conditions and water cycle among other.
The rapid growth in agricultural output in the past decades is the consequence of favorable economic policies and has led to improvements in income and livelihoods to a large portion of the population. However, it has also led to large-scale deforestation, water pollution and land degradation, which now threaten the future of agriculture, livelihoods and economic development in the region.
Droughts lead to failed harvests, reducing farmer income and diminishing supply of commodities such as coffee to global companies trading and selling them. Over use of agrochemicals such as biocides and fertilisers degrade soils, harm human health, and the agricultural products with high biocide content cannot be sold on many export markets, again reducing farmer incomes and supplies.
Related to the Steering Committee are two technical working groups on water and (agro)forestry, with participation of knowledge institutions, technical government and company staff. These discuss the design, (intermediate) results, and recommendations of the different pilot projects of the landscape program and beyond.
These activities will be scaled by replication to other provinces.
Piloting options to adapt farms to droughts and to ensure water is used responsibly (both in Lam Dong and Dak Lak provinces):
Piloting adaptation options in the area of forestry/agroforestry which are closely related to the water issues:
The (intermediate) results from our pilot projects feed back into the governance work.
Pilot projects are in development.
|IDH Landscape program||Factsheet||2018|
|Tender of Reference: Green Growth Action Plan in Lam Dong Province||no type defined||2017|
|Overview of pesticide management, trade and use in Lam Dong Province||no type defined||2017|
|Conveners Guide for Building Landscape Coalitions||Report||2017|
|IDH Landscapes Forum Report||Report||2017|
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