In the Central Highlands, IDH collaborates with coffee roasters and exporters, the Vietnamese government, research institutions and NGOs towards improving livelihoods, enhancing agricultural production and protecting natural resources. We do this by addressing key agriculture-led environmental issues through governance and field level activities.
Vietnam is the world’s second biggest coffee exporter after Brazil and 95 percent of its coffee is produced in the Central Highlands region. Other important crops such as pepper, tea, fruits and vegetables, flowers, rubber, and cashew are also produced in this region, making the Central Highlands vital for Vietnamese economy as well as for international companies sourcing from the country.
The region’s economic power is thanks to its favorable natural conditions: abundant water resources (which besides agriculture, currently contribute to 22 percent of Vietnamese hydropower energy), fertile lands, and forests regulating the climatic conditions and water cycle among other.
The rapid growth in agricultural output in the past decades is the consequence of favorable economic policies and has led to improvements in income and livelihoods to a large portion of the population. However, it also led to large-scale deforestation, water pollution and land degradation, which now threaten the future of agriculture, livelihoods and economic development in the region. Two key threats are:
Due to a strong request from the private sector, government of Vietnam and mandate from international donors, IDH addresses these issues through its ISLA program. We work at governance and field levels.
In the case of adaptation to extreme climate events, we work with public and private stakeholders in order to identify, test and scale up adaptation measures at farm- and landscape levels. These include diversification of agricultural systems, reforestation and agroforestry to enhance watershed functions, efficient water use, and water resource conservation and management.
To address toxic loading, we collaborate with public and private sector stakeholders, to identify the most important risk factors at user, trade, and governance levels and jointly pilot and scale-up solutions.
Our activities are two-pronged: we work at governance level (convening) and we carry out field-level activities, all addressing the key issues and all in partnership with public and private sectors.
Related to the Steering Committee are two technical working groups on water and (agro)forestry, with participation of knowledge institutions, technical government and company staff. These discuss the design, (intermediate) results, and recommendations of the different pilot projects of the landscape program and beyond.
These activities will be scaled by replication to other provinces.
Piloting options to adapt farms to droughts and to ensure water is used responsibly (both in Lam Dong and Dak Lak provinces):
Piloting adaptation options in the area of forestry/agroforestry which are closely related to the water issues:
The (intermediate) results from our pilot projects feed back into the governance work.
Pilot projects are in development.
|Overview of pesticide management, trade and use in Lam Dong Province||no type defined||2017|
|Conveners Guide for Building Landscape Coalitions||Report||2017|
|IDH Landscapes Forum Report||Report||2017|
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